La Plata is the capital city of the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and of the partido de La Plata. According to the 2001 census , it has a population of 740,369 and its metropolitan area has 894,253 inhabitants.
La Plata was planned and developed to serve as the provincial capital after the city of Buenos Aires was federalized in 1880, and it was officially founded by Governor Dardo Rocha on 19 November 1882. Its construction is fully documented in photographs by Tomás Bradley Sutton. La Plata was renamed Eva Perón City (Ciudad Eva Perón) between 1952 and 1955.
The city is home to two important football (soccer) teams: Estudiantes de La Plata, that plays in the first division, and Gimnasia y Esgrima La Plata, which ascended back to first division in 2013.
|Ciudad de La Plata|
From top left: Estación del Ferrocarril Roca • High view of Plaza Dardo Rocha • Garibaldi's statue • Legislatura Provincia de Buenos Aires • Palacio Municipal • Catedral • Museo de Ciencias Naturales • Estadio Ciudad de La Plata.
Located in the northeastern area of the province of Buenos Aires, La Plata is surrounded by Ensenada and Berisso to the northeast, Berazategui and Florencio Varela to the northwest, San Vicente and Coronel Brandsen to the southwest and south, and Magdalena, to the southeast, occupying an area of 893 km.
The metropolitan area of La Plata includes the neighborhoods of Tolosa, Ringuelet, Manuel B. Gonnet, City Bell, Villa Elisa, Melchor Romero, Abasto, Gorina, José Hernández, Ángel Etcheverry, Arturo Seguí, Los Hornos, Lisandro Olmos, Villa Elvira and Altos de San Lorenzo, all of which have community centers that operate as local delegations.
La Plata has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa under the Köppen climate classification). During winter, temperatures are cool during the day and cold during the night which can reach below freezing.The average temperature in the coldest month, July is 8.9 °C (48.0 °F). Snowfall in the city is extremely rare. The last significant snowfall fell on 9 July 2007, while the previous one had taken place on 22 June 1918. Winters tend to be cloudier than summer averaging around 10 overcast days in June to August compared to 6 overcast days from December to February. Summers are warm to hot with a January high of 29 °C (84.2 °F) while nighttime temperatures are cooler, averaging 18 °C (64.4 °F). Spring and fall are transition seasons featuring warm daytime temperatures and cool nighttime temperatures and are highly variable with some days reaching above32 °C (89.6 °F) and below 0 °C (32.0 °F). The city is fairly humid, owing to its coastal location, its average monthly humidity is higher than 75%. La Plata receives 1,092 millimetres (43 in) of raians a year, with winters being the drier months and summer the wetter months. On average, La Plata receives 2,285 hours of sunshine a year or 51% of possible sunshine, ranging from a low of 41% in June and July to 62% in February.
Given the federal system of government in Argentina there are 3 orders or ranks: the National, Provincial and Municipal.
The executive branch in La Plata is exercised by the municipal mayor, elected by popular vote every four years with the possibility of unlimited reelection. The town hall is known as the Palacio Municipal, and is located in the block surrounded by streets 51, 53, 11 and 12, in the city center; it is one of the important buildings that surround Plaza Moreno, and is opposite the Cathedral. The current mayor is Pablo Bruera.
The city government is divided into different areas. These are: Private Secretary, Secretary General, Ministry of Economy, Ministry of Public Management, Social Development Secretariat, Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Modernization and Economic Development, Ministry of Justice, Secretary of Health and Social Medicine, Chief of Staff, Regional Market La Plata, Management Consortium Puerto La Plata, Executive Unit Revenue Agency, Environment Agency Implementation Unit, Human Rights Department, Ministry of Government, Policy Planning Council, Regional Production and Employment, and the city council.
As it is the capital of the Province of Buenos Aires, La Plata is also home to the three provincial powers: the provincial executive (led at the moment by Governor Daniel Scioli) along with its ministries, the judiciary and the provincial Legislature, have their seat in La Plata.
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La Plata hosts one of the most renowned universities in Argentina, the National University of La Plata(Spanish: Universidad Nacional de La Plata, UNLP). It has over 75,000 regular students, 8,000 teaching staff, 16 faculties and 106 available degrees.
UNLP students and professors include:
Four high school institutes are under UNLP control, three of them are located in La Plata:
La Plata is also home of other three universities:
Students come to these four universities from every part of Argentina and other countries, giving the city a rich young multicultural lifestyle.
There is also an international school for translators, Traductorado.
The culture has a major role in the city of La Plata. This is reflected in the large amount of cultural centers, theaters, museums, cinemas and libraries that are in the city, as well as the Universidad Nacional de La Plata and the observatory.
There were big personalities in the cultural sphere from the city: Paula Almerares (opera singer, soprano); Dante Anzolini (conductor); Efraín U. Bischoff (historian), José Walter Gavito (sculptor), Osvaldo Golijov (classical composer), Robert Noble (journalist and socialist politician, founder and first editor of the newspaper Clarín), Emilio Pettoruti (painter), Ernesto Tenenbaum (Reporter), María Dhialma Tiberti (writer), Iñaki Urlezaga (classical dancer), Álvaro Yunque (writer), Jorge and Federico D'Elia (actors); Adabel Guerrero (dancer, actress), Alejo García Pintos (film and television actor), Benjamín Rojas (actor), Freddy Villarreal (comedian, actor), Héctor Bidonde (actor), Juan Palomino (actor), Oscar Alberto "Lito" Cruz (actor), Maxi Ghione (actor), Pablo Andrés Martínez (actor), Carlos Mancinelli (musician), among others.
It is worth mentioning other important personalities, not being natives of La Plata, influenced the city's cultural life as Raúl Amaral (writer, poet and journalist. It was part of Ediciones del Bosque), Joaquin V. Gonzalez (historian, educator, writer and politician) and Rafael Hernández (politician and journalist), both founders of the UNLP, Pedro Bonifacio Palacios "Almafuerte" (Poet); Josefina Passadori (writer) Ernesto Sabato (writer and artist), Carlos "Indio" Solari (musician and band member platense Redonditos Patricio Rey and Ricotta), among others.
The city has a great attraction to music, whereas all festival concerts are organized. In addition, this is formed big band music and folklore of Argentina such as Los Redondos, Virus, Guasones, Opus Cuatro, Infonoise, among others.